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Gastritis

Definition

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as:
Gastritis can be erosive. Erosive gastritis can wear away the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.

Causes

Causes of acute gastritis include:
Causes of chronic gastritis include:

Risk Factors

Factors that increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:

Symptoms

Symptoms may include:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:

Diagnosis

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Treatment

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:

Medications

Medications for gastritis help relieve symptoms and help heal the stomach lining. Medications are available over-the-counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
  • Antacids
  • H-2 blockers
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Antibiotics if an infection is present or possible
Treatment may also include stopping or changing NSAIDs or other medications that may be causing the irritation.
If you are diagnosed with gastritis, follow your doctor's instructions .

Prevention

To reduce your chance of getting gastritis from NSAIDs:
To reduce your chance of getting H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, quit . Avoid alcohol .

RESOURCES

The American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders http://niddk.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

References

Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed May 1, 2013.

Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.

Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gastritis . Updated April 23, 2012. Accessed May 1, 2013.

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